India also reiterated that the need of the hour is to end the conflict in Ukraine and return to dialogue and said the “nuclear issue is a particular anxiety”, underlining Prime Minister Narendra Modi‘s assertion to Russian President Vladimir Putin that this cannot be an era of war.
Blocked by China again
Bids by India, US and other western allies to blacklist Pakistan-based terrorists under the Security Council’s sanctions regime have been blocked and put on hold on various occasions by Islamabad’s all-weather ally and veto wielding permanent member China in the 15-nation Council.
“The fight against impunity is critical to the larger pursuit of securing peace and justice. The UNSC must send an unambiguous and unequivocal message on this count,” said external affairs minister S Jaishankar, with China listening.
“Politics should never ever provide cover to evade accountability nor indeed to facilitate impunity. Regrettably, we have seen this of late in this very Chamber, when it comes to sanctioning some of the world’s most dreaded terrorists,” he added.
China had earlier this month put on hold a proposal moved at the United Nations by the US and co-supported by India to designate Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) terrorist Sajid Mir, one of India’s most wanted terrorists and the main handler of 2008 Mumbai attack, as a global terrorist.
Beijing repeatedly puts on hold listings to blacklist Pakistan-based terrorists under the sanctions committee of the UN Security Council. It is the third time in recent months that China has blocked an India-US proposal.
Earlier, Abdul Rehman Makki, a leader of the LeT and Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD), and Abdul Rauf Azhar, the brother of Jaish-e Mohammed (JeM) founder Masood Azhar, were given “protection” by Beijing in the sanctions committee.
Cease hostilities in Ukraine immediately: Jaishankar
Noting that the trajectory of the Ukraine conflict is a matter of profound concern for the entire international community, Jaishankar said the world has experienced its consequences in terms of higher costs and shortages of foodgrains and fertilizers and fuel.
The minister said that the need of the hour is to end the conflict in Ukraine and return to the negotiating table. “This Council is the most powerful symbol of diplomacy. It must continue to live up to its purpose,” he said.
Jaishankar also recalled Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s remarks during his meeting with Vladimir Putin during the SCO summit that this cannot be an era of war.
India, a non-permanent member of the council along with other members attended the Thursday meeting.
“The trajectory of the Ukraine conflict is a matter of profound concern for the entire international community. The outlook appears truly disturbing. In a globalized world, its impact is being felt even in distant regions. We have all experienced its consequences in terms of higher costs and actual shortages of food grains, fertilizers and fuel. The global south, especially, is feeling the pain acutely. We must not initiate measures that further complicate the global economy,” Jaishankar said.
“That is why India is strongly reiterating the need for an immediate cessation of all hostilities and a return to dialogue and diplomacy. Clearly, as Prime Minister Narendra Modi has emphasized, this cannot be an era of war,” he added.
A day earlier, Jaishankar had said that India not being a permanent member of the UNSC is “not good for us or for the global body” and its transformation is “overdue”.
He was responding to a question on how long it will take for India to become a permanent member of the UN Security Council.
India has been at the forefront of efforts at the UN to push for urgent long-pending reform of the Security Council, emphasising that it rightly deserves a place at the UN high table as a permanent member.
At present, the UNSC comprises five permanent members and 10 non-permanent member countries which are elected for a two-year term by the General Assembly of the United Nations.
The five permanent members are Russia, the UK, China, France and the United States and these countries can veto any substantive resolution. There has been growing demand to increase the number of permanent members to reflect the contemporary global reality.
“It’s obviously a very hard task because at the end of the day if you say what is a definition of our global order. The five permanent members are a very crucial definition of what the global order is about. So it’s a very fundamental, very deep transformation that we are seeking,” Jaishankar had said.
He said within a few years, India will be the third largest economy in the world, it will be the most populous society in the world. “To have such a country not there in the key global councils, obviously, it’s not good for us, but I would also urge it’s not good for the global Council in question,” Jaishankar said.
“We believe that transformation is overdue because the UN is a product that was devised eighty years ago. And 80 years ago by any standards of human creativity is a long time ago. The number of independent countries has quadrupled in that period,” Jaishankar said, adding that there are big parts of the world which are left out.
India is currently halfway through the second year of its two-year term as an elected non-permanent member of the UN Security Council.
India’s tenure at the Council will end in December when the country will also preside as President of the powerful UN organ for the month.
(With inputs from agencies)